5 ways obesity affects the body

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Obesity is affecting people all over the world like never before. Battling obesity is just one part of the problem, sustaining a healthy lifestyle without getting obese again is the second part. Obese or overweight people have a higher probability of contracting serious health conditions. Obesity degrades the health of a person in many ways including diseases, aches & pains and body appearance. Obesity is linked with hypertension, many types of cancer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, liver and kidney diseases, circulatory diseases, reproductive disorders, metabolic syndrome and a decreased lifespan.

Diabetes: Obese people have a 10 times more chance of developing type2 diabetes. Relentless obesity is a dominant cause of type2 diabetes. Type2 diabetes doubles the chance of death. Type2 diabetes is a somber disease which can lead to impotence, infections which are hard to heal, nerve and circulatory defects, high blood pressure, kidney abnormalities, blindness, stroke, heart disease, amputations and much more.

Depression: Depression is one of the most known reasons for weight gain and weight gain may also cause depression. Obese people have a much higher risk of prospering depression as compared to normal weight people. Obesity and depression both emerge as a result of alterations in functions and chemistry of the brain. Obese people eventually have low self-esteem because of being overweight, which aids in depression. Eating disorders, odd eating patterns and physical displeasure caused by obesity significantly promotes depression. Depression influences the mood, routine life and some functions of the body. Depression may lead to many health problems and affect the quality of life.

Joint and bone problems: Obesity, or severe obesity, contributes to numerous joint and bone issues including gout, osteoarthritis, back pain, spinal disorders, disc herniation and visual impairment. Obesity directly affects hips and knees as it increases the stress on joints due to extra weight. Extra weight on hips and knees cause arthritis. Obese people who require hip replacement may have a physically more annoying operation. These people have a higher risk of postoperative complexity including urinary tract infections, wound infections and heart attack. Excess weight puts you at great risk of varicose veins and osteoarthritis.

Cardiac disease/stroke: Obesity is considered as an excessive risk factor for heart disease by the American Heart Association. People having unrelenting obesity are at a higher risk for coronary artery disease which means a greater risk of heart attack. Obesity increases the risk of heart failure. Severe obesity causes variable heartbeats. Excess weight leads to unhealthy levels of fat and cholesterol and high blood pressure which contribute to stroke and cardiac disorders. Obese people have 10 times more atherosclerosis than normal weight people.

Respiratory disorders: Obese people have reduced lung capacity, greater risk of respiratory infections, asthma and other respiratory disorders. Asthma is 4 times more common among obese people. Around 50% of obese people have obstructive sleep apnea which is a dangerous breathing disorder. It occurs when excessive fat in the throat, tongue and neck blocks the air passageways during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea may lead to pulmonary hypertension, high blood pressure, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. It interferes with the normal sleep pattern which may lead to drowsiness and fatigue. As far as this disease is concerned, prevention is better than cure.